References of Sandman Futura

Using air abrasion is well documented during the last 20 years. With the latest technological innovative solutions created by Sandman MICRODENTISTRY it is recognized as the best way of performing MICRODENTISTRY. Below are mentioned few of the many studies performed and underneath a reference list for further interest.

  1. Composed by Professor DDS., P. Lambrechts, K.U. Leuven, Belgium:
  2. Banerjee A, Kidd EAM, Watson TF. In vitro evaluation of five alternative methods of carious dentine excavation. Caries Res 2000; 34:144-150.
  3. Berry EA, Eakle WS, Summitt JB. Air abrasion: an old technology reborn. Compend Contin Educ Dent 1999; 20: 751-764.
  4. Canay S, Kocadereli I, Akça E. The effect of enamel air abrasion on the retention of bonded metallic orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2000; 117:15-19.
  5. Degrange H, Roulet JF. Minimally invasive dentistry with bonding. Quintessence Publishing Chicago 1997.
  6. Doty WD, Pettey D, Holder R, Phillips S. KPC 2000 enamel etching abilities tested. J Dent Res 1994; 73. Abstracts of Papers: 411 abstract 2474.
  7. Ghiabi N. Air contamination during use of airabrasion instrumentation. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1998; 23:37-43.
  8. Goldstein RE, Parkins FM. Using air-abrasive technology to diagnose and restore pit and fissure caries. J Am Dent Assoc 1995; 126:761-766.
  9. Hooper CA. Air-abrasive technology. J Am Dent Assoc 1994; 125:1164-1166.
  10. Huysen GV, Boyd DA. Operative procedures and the tooth. J Prosthet Dent 1953; 6:818-827.
  11. Inoue S, Van Meerbeek B. Vargas M, Yoshida Y, Lambrechts P & Vanherle G Adhesion mechanism of self-etching adhesives. 2000; In: Tagami J, Toledano M, Prati C (eds). Proceedings of 3rd International Kuraray Symposium on Advanced Adhesive Dentistry. Como: Grafiche Erredue 131-148.
  12. Kameyama A, Kawada E, Takizawa M, Oda Y, Hirai Y. Influence of different acid conditioners on the tensile bond strength of 4-META/MMA-TBB resin to Er:YAG laser-irradiated bovine dentin. Adhesive Dent 2000; 2:297-304.
  13. Keen DS, Fraunhofer JA, Parkins FM. Air-abrasive ‘etching’: composite bond strengths. J Dent Res 1994; 73. Abstracts of Papers:131 abstract 238.
  14. Kutsch VK. Microdentistry: a new standard of care. J Mass Dent Soc 1999; 47:35-39.
  15. Laurell KA, Carpenter W, Beck M. Pulpal effects of air abrasion cavity preparation in dogs. J Dent Res 1993; 72:273.
  16. Laurell KA, Hess JA. Scanning electron micrographic effects of air-abrasion cavity preparation on human enamel and dentin. Quintessence Int 1995; 26:139-144.
  17. Liebenberg WH. A useful evacuation aid for intraoral air-abrasive devices. Quintessence Int 1997; 28:105-108.
  18. Manhart J, Chen HY, Kunzelmann KH, Hickel R. Bond strength of a compomer to dentin under various surfaces conditions. Clin Oral Invest 1999; 3:175-180.
  19. Mayes J, Porth R. Air abrasion: the new ‘drill-less’ dentistry. Dent Today 1997; 16:58,60,62-65.
  20. Myers TD. Advances in air abrasive technology. J Calif Dent Assoc 1994; 22:41-4.
  21. NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health). Manual of analytical methods. Cincinatti: US Department of Health 1989.
  22. Pinto LS, Peruchi C, Marker VA, Codeiro R. Evaluation of cutting patterns produced with air abrasion systems using different tip designs. Oper-Dent. 2001; 26:308-312.
  23. Rinaudo PJ, Cochran MA, Moore BK. The effect of air abrasion on shear bond strength to dentin with dental adhesives. Oper Dent 1997; 22:254-259.
  24. Rosenberg S. Air-abrasive microdentistry: a new perspective on restorative dentistry. Dent Econ 1995; 85:96-97.
  25. Reyto R. Lasers and air abrasion. Dent Clin North Am 2001; 45:189-206.
  26. Southan D. Restoration of aesthetics in anterior teeth. In: Mount GJ, Hume WR (eds). Preservation and restoration of tooth structure.London:Mosby, 1998; 15:185-193.
  27. Tyas MJ, Anusavice KJ & Frencken JE. Minimal intervention dentistry – a review. Int Dental J 2000; 50:1-12.
  28. Van Leeuwen MJ, Rossano AT. Dust factors involved in the use of Airdent machine. J Dent Res 1952; 31:33-34.
  29. Wright GZ, Hatibovic Kofman S, Millenaar DW, Braverman I. The safety and efficacy of treatment with air abrasion technology. Int J Paediatr Dent 1999; 9:133-140.
  30. Mattar D., Verheyen P., De Munck J., Bergmans L,, Van Meerbeek B., Lambrechts P. (2004). Préparation microchirurgicale des taches blanches de l’email au laser Er:Yag. Réalités Cliniques 15:79-88.
  31. Inoue S, Vargas MA, Abe Y, Yoshida Y, Lambrechts P, Vanherle G, Sano H, Van Meerbeek B (2003). Microtensile bond strength of eleven contemporary adhesives to enamel. American Journal of Dentistry 16;329-334
  32. Bae K, Raymond L, Willardsen J. SBS of composite to various surfaces prepared with air abrasion and acid etch. J Dent Res 1996; 75. Abstracts of paper:391 abstract 2986.
  33. Banerjee A, Watson TF, Kidd EAM. Dentine caries excavation: a review of current clinical techniques. British Dent J 2000; 188:476-482.
  34. Berry EA, Ward M. Bond strength of resin composite to air abraded enamel. Oper Dent 1995; 26:559-562.
  35. Christensen GJ. Air abrasion tooth cutting: state of the art 1998. J Am Dent Assoc 1998; 129:484-485.
  36. Dinman BD. Alumina related pulmonary disease. Occup med 1988; 30:328-335.
  37. Farran H. Micro air abrasion. Key to successful dentistry. Oral Health 1998; 88:41-43.
  38. Goldstein RE, Parkins FM. Air-abrasive technology: its new role in restorative dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 1994; 125:551-557.
  39. Hamilton J. Microdentistry: the new standard of care? Part 3. Is air abrasion safe? CDS Rev 1999; 16-22.
  40. Horiguchi S, Yamada T, Inokoshi S, Tagami J. Selective caries removal with air abrasion. Oper Dent 1998; 23:236-243.
  41. Inoue H, Inoue S, Shigeru U, Takahashi A, Koase K, Sano H. Micro-tensile bond strength of two single step adhesive systems to bur-prepared dentin. Adhesive Dent 2001; 3:129-136.
  42. Inoue S, Vargas MA, Van Meerbeek B, Abe Y, Yoshida Y, Lambrechts P, Vanherle G, Sano H. Micro-tensile bond strength of eleven modern adhesives to dentin. Adhesive Dent 2001; 3:237-246.
  43. Katora ME, Jubach T, Polimus MM. Airabrasive etching of the enamel surface. Quintessence Int 1981; 9:967-968
  44. Kotlow LA. New technology in pediatric dentistry.N Y State Dent J 1996; 62:26-30.with dental adhesives.
  45. Lambrechts P, Meerbeeck BV, Perdigão J, Vanherle G. Adhesion. In: Wilson NHF, Roulet JF, Fuzzi M (eds). Advances in Oper Dent. Quintessence Plublishing Co, Inc, 2001; 2:135-139.
  46. Laurell KA, Carpenter W, Daugherty D, Beck M. Histopathologic effects of kinetic cavity preparation for the removal of enamel and dentin. An in vivo animal study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 1995; 80: 214-225
  47. Laurell KA, Lord W, Beck MD. Kinetic cavity preparation effects on bonding to enamel and dentin. J Dent Res 1993; 72. Abstracts of Papers:286 abstract 1437
  48. Liebenberg WH, Crawford BJ. Subcutaneous, orbital, and mediastinal emphysema secondary to the use of an air-abrasive device. Quintessence Int 1997; 28:31-38.
  49. Maser D, Schiller B, Hongkui X. Aluminum oxide exposures to dental patients during the use of KPC 2000. Masser D, Schiller B, Hongkui X. Study paper. Birmingham: Enviroair Consultants, Inc. 1993.
  50. Montague P. Problem air pollution PM10 fine particles. Environment Research Inc. 2002.
  51. Nash RW. Air Abrasion: the future of restorative microdentistry.Compedium 1997; 6:534-540.
  52. Peyton FA, Henry EE. The effect of high speed burs, diamond instruments and air abrasive in cutting tooth tissue. JADA 1954; 49(4):426-435.
  53. Pitel ML. The resurgence of air abrasion into restorative dentistry. Dent Today 1998; 7:62-69,106.
  54. Roeder LB, Berry EA, You IIIC, Powers JM. Bond strength of composite to air abraded enamel and dentin. Oper Dent 1995; 20:186-190.
  55. Rosenberg S. Air abrasion: the new standard of care. Dent Today 1996; 15:78,80-83.
  56. Setien VJ, Cobb DS, Denehy GE, Vargas MA. Cavity preparation devices: effect on microleakage of Class V resin-based composite restorations. Am J Dent 2001; 14:157-62.
  57. Tatrai E, Ungvary G, Adamis Z, Timar M. Short-term in vitro method for production of the fibrinogenic effect of different mineral dusts. J Exp Pathol 1985; 28:111-118.
  58. Valentino MF, Nathanson D. Evaluation of an air-abraion preparation system for bonded restorations. J Dent Res 1993; 75. Abstracts of Papers:127 abstract 878.
  59. White JM, Eakle WS. Rationale and Treatment approach in minimally invasive dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 2000; 131:13S-19S.
  60. Yip HK, Samaranayake LP. Caries removal techniques and instrumentation: a review. Clin Oral Invest 1998; 2:148-154.
  61. Van Meerbeek B, De Munck J,. Mattar D, Van Landuyt K, Lambrechts P. (2003) Microtensile bond strengths of an etch&rinse and self-etch adhesive to enamel and dentin as a function of surface treatment. Operative Dentistry 28;647-660.
  62. De Munck J, Van Meerbeek B, Satoshi I, Vargas M, Yoshida Y, Armstrong S, Lambrechts P, Vanherle G (2003). Microtensile bond strengths of one- and two-step self-etch adhesives to bur-cut enamel and dentin. American Journal of Dentistry; 16: 414-420.

If you are interested in documentation of using air abrasion and/or SANDMAN FUTURA you are welcome to ask for more by email: office[at]

Most studies we have are discussing and proving that Sandman air abrasion is the best method for minimal invasive treatment. They are in origin languages such as Russian/Polish/Danish.

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